Characterization of Castor Biodiesel Blended with Conventional Diesel Fuels
R. A. Busari
Department of Food and Agricultural Engineering, Kwara State University Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria
J. O. Olaoye
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
A. Fadeyibi
Department of Food and Agricultural Engineering, Kwara State University Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria
T. D. Akpenpuun
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
M. O. Iyanda
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
S. E. Adebayo
Department of Agricultural and Bioresources Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State
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Keywords

Castor biodiesel
Diesel fuel
Analysis
Diesel engine and Physico-chemical

How to Cite

Busari, R., Olaoye, J., Fadeyibi, A., Akpenpuun, T., Iyanda, M., & Adebayo, S. (2020). Characterization of Castor Biodiesel Blended with Conventional Diesel Fuels. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, 25(1), 1-17. Retrieved from http://jaet.com.ng/index.php/Jaet/article/view/147

Abstract

Compression Ignition Engines have proved its usefulness in agriculture, transportation, and power sector. In this research, the physicochemical properties of different blends of castor biodiesel were compared with conventional diesel fuel. Samples of the castor biodiesel prepared using transesterification processwere blended with the conventional biodiesel in different mixed ratios, namely B5, B10, B15, B20, B25,B50 to B100. The physicochemical properties, including density, flash point and kinematic viscosity were determined following standard and international procedures (ASTM). Results show that the B100 has higher density, kinematic viscosity and flash point compared to the conventional diesel at 280 °C. But the calorific value was lower in comparison. A gradual decrease in the density, flash point and kinetic viscosity were observed with a decrease in the biodiesel blends from B100 to B5. This implies that the castor biodiesel can be used as a close substitute for the conventional diesel fuel and has substantial advantages, especially in area of greenhouse control and energy security.

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